UiTM Pahang started its journal in the late 1980s as a platform for its researchers to publish their thoughts, opinions as well as academic papers that would serve not only the academic population but also the public. The journal was named Jurnal Gading, where gading is the Malay word for the elephant tusk, a symbol for the state of Pahang. The journal continued its publication throughout the years, despite some obstacles along the way. The journal now concentrates in publishing articles in the field of Social Sciences with the aim of becoming more focused in its publication and head towards becoming a niche journal in the area.

Formerly known as Gading Business Management Journal. Gading Journal for Social Sciences is a refereed, peer-reviewed international journal published by Universiti Teknologi MARA Cawangan Pahang. The journal is OPEN ACCESS and published biannually in APRIL (No 1) and OCTOBER (No 2). Submissions and subscriptions to GADINGSS is FREE. The focus of GADINGSS is on Research Articles from the field of the Social Sciences. Submissions for GADINGSS will go through a DOUBLE-BLIND peer review process, which normally takes 3 - 5 weeks to complete. Online Submission (Call-for-Paper) is OPEN throughout the year.







The scope of GADING Journal for Social Sciences encompasses Research Articles and Papers from any field of the Social Sciences.


This is the statement of ethics for Gading Journal for Social Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA Cawangan Pahang. This statement was adapted from the principles of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and covers the code of ethics for the chief editor, editorial board members, reviewers and authors.


 1.Have the responsibility of ensuring only new and original work is submitted.
 2. Must not reproduce work that has been previously published in other journals.
 3.  Must not submit any articles that are being reviewed or considered by the journal to  other journals simultaneously.
4. Are only allowed to publish their work elsewhere after receiving a formal rejection from the journal or if their request to withdraw their work is officially accepted by the journal.
5. Must inform the Chief Editor or the publisher of any inaccuracy of data in their published work so that correction or retraction of article can be done.
6. Should make significant contributions and be held accountable for any shortcoming in their work.


. Must disclose any competing interest before agreeing to review a submission.
• Can refuse to review any submission due to a conflict of interest or inadequate knowledge.
• Review all submissions objectively, fairly and professionally.
• Reveal any ethical misconduct encountered while reviewing to the Chief Editor for further action.
• Should ensure the originality of a submission and be alert to any plagiarism and redundant publication.
• Must not discuss the content of the submission without permission.
• Adhere to the time allocated for the review process. Requests for extension to review the submission are at the discretion of the Chief Editor.


. Actively contribute to the development and the greater good of the journal.
• Act as ambassadors for the journal.
• Continuously support and promote the journal.

  • Find potential reviewer for review process.
    • Review any work assigned to them.


. Evaluate manuscripts fairly and solely on their intellectual merit.
• Ensure confidentiality of manuscripts and not disclose any information regarding manuscripts to anyone other than the people involved in the publishing process.
• Has the responsibility to decide when and which articles are to be published.
• Actively seek the views of board members, reviewers and authors on how to improve/increase the image and visibility of the journal.

Give clear instructions to potential contributors on the submission process and what is expected of the authors.
• Ensure appropriate reviewers are selected/ identified for the reviewing process.


Authors should submit only original work that is not plagiarized, and has not been published or being considered elsewhere.  Appropriate softwares may be used by the editorial office to check for similarities of submitted manuscripts with existing literature. Inclusion of fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements are unacceptable. Work and/or words from other publications must be appropriately cited or quoted.


Authors should state their results clearly, honestly, and without fabrication, falsification or inappropriate data manipulation.The methods used in the work should be clearly and unambiguously described so that the findings can be repeated and confirmed by other researchers.


A statement on conflict of interest must be included in the manuscript if authors receive any support that might be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed. 


Name of authors listed in a paper should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the report. Only those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the work must be acknowledged or listed as contributors. It is the duty of the corresponding author to ensure that all appropriate co-authors and no inappropriate co-authors are included on the paper.  All co-authors must approve the final version of the paper and agree to the version of the paper before submission.


Authors should not publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research output in more than one journal or primary publication. A similar manuscript should not be submitted to more than one journal concurrently as this constitutes as unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.



 Manuscripts submitted to the journal should be original contributions to their field and should only be the work of the stated author(s). Manuscripts should not be under consideration for any other publication at the same time, or to be already published.


The journal accepts manuscripts written in English only. The author may use only English spelling preferences, provided that only one style is used (consistently) throughout the manuscript (exclusive of bibliography). When an article is submitted in a language not the author(s) own, is imperative that the author(s) ensure the quality of the written language by seeking professional editing services. The Managing Editor can provide information with regard to editing.

Preparation of Manuscripts: 

Full text of manuscript should contain:

  1. Title of the article.
  2. Name of author/s
  3. Institutional address.
  4. Corresponding author email address
  5. Abstract of the article (150 – 250 words max)
  6. 5-6 relevant keywords
  7. Introduction
  8. Materials and Methods
  9. Results and Discussion
  10. Conclusion
  11. Acknowledgement
  12. Conflict of interests
  13. References

Manuscript should be type in Times New Roman with 12-point font and single spaced. All diagrams, tables and figures are placed within the text at the appropriate point with their own legends and headings, be self-explanatory, numbered in Arabic numerals in order of their appearance in the text.

Tables, Figures and diagrams: To facilitate the typesetting process, tables should be uploaded as separate files. Any diagrams should be in .TIF or .JPG formats and submitted in separate individual files. Figures and diagrams could be prepared in black and white or color. Tints should be avoided; use patterns instead.

Citations and References:  References should be listed in alphabetical order and appear at the end of the manuscript. APA Style. Citations in the text should be denoted with the author's surname and the year of publication (e.g.: Reddy et al., 2012) or (Srinivasan, 1996; Pravitra & Verma, 2009).

Please refer to the examples below:

Article in a Journal:

One author:

Doughari, J. H. (2006). Antimicrobial activity of Tamarindus indica Linn. Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, 5(2), 597-603.

Two authors (a journal article with doi):

Li, S., & Seale, C. (2007). Learning to do qualitative data analysis: An observational study of doctoral work. Qualitative Health Research, 17(10), 1442-1452. https://doi.org/10.1177/1049732307306924  

Three authors:

Barnard, R., de Luca, R., & Li, J. (2015). First-year undergraduate students’ perceptions of lecturer and peer feedback: A New Zealand action research project. Studies In Higher Education, 40(5), 933–944. https://doi.org/10.1080/03075079.2014.881343

  • Use "&" before the final author.

Four to seven authors:

Szcz Ę Sna, A., Nowak, A., Grabiec, P., Paszkuta, M., Tajstra, M., & Wojciechowska, M. (2017). Survey of wearable multi-modal vital parameters measurement systems. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, 526. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-47154-9_37

  • List all authors in the reference entry

More than seven authors:

Kasabov, N., Scott, N. M., Tu, E., Marks, S., Sengupta, N., Capecci, E., . . . Yang, J. (2016). Evolving spatio-temporal data machines based on the NeuCube neuromorphic framework: Design methodology and selected applications. Neural Networks, 78, 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neunet.2015.09.011 

  • First 6 authors ... last author. and follow by date and other information. 


One author (a book chapter)

Easton, B. (2008). Does poverty affect health? In K. Dew & A. Matheson (Eds.), Understanding health inequalities in Aotearoa New Zealand (pp. 97–106). Dunedin, New Zealand: Otago University Press.

Zarina Othman, (2009).  “Human Security Concepts, Debates and Approaches in Southeast Asia”. In G. Brauch, U.O. Spring, J. Grin, C. Mesjaz, P.K. Mbote, N.C. Behera, B. Chourou and H. Krummenacher (eds.), Facing Global Environmental Change: Environmental, Human, Energy, Food, Health and Water Security Concepts (Vol. 4),  Germany:  AFES-Springer Press, pp.1037-1048.

Newspaper/Magazines Article

Gunasegaran, P. 2006. Overworked students: give the kids chance to relax.  New Straits Times, 21 February: 20.

Hashnan Abdullah. 2006. Mangsa tragedy asrama runtuh selamat pulang.  Utusan Malaysia, 2 Februari: 3.

Online References

Crane, N. 1997. Electronic sources: MLA style of citation.http://www.uvm.edu/~ncrane/estyle/mla.html [31 Julai 2000].

Kawasaki, J.L. 1996. Computer administered surveys in extension. Journal of Extension  33(3): 204-210.  http://www.apa.org/journals/webref.html [18 November 1999].



Copyright of articles accepted for publication in the  Gading Journal for Social Sciences rests with the publisher. It is the author`s responsibility to ensure that where copyright materials are included within an article the permission of the copyright holder has been obtained beforehand.


Copyright Notice

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:

  1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
  2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
  3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.

Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.


After online publication, author could request for any changes e.g: title and authorship, corrected value in table/figure/text.