Italy’s Thrusting Gender Theory:

Teaching in Schools and Effects on Young Students

  • Piermauro Catarinella Akademi Pengajian Bahasa, UiTM, Shah Alam
  • Suhardi Kram Universiti Teknologi MARA, Samarahan Campus, Sarawak
  • Aziz Hashim Education Department, Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Keywords: Gender theory, ideology, Italy, LGBTQIA , public schools


In recent years, in Italy, the concept known as gender theory has permeated various aspects
of public life. It spans across TV, radio, newspapers, media, the Internet, schools, universities,
science, and political parties. This ideology, also referred to as progressive-liberal ideology, posits
that there are no inherent biological differences between men and women; rather, such differences are
considered cultural or socially constructed. The theory suggests individuals identify as male or female
based on societal education, and they have the freedom to not only choose their own sexuality but also
to change it as desired. Gender theory is closely intertwined with the concept of gender identity,
which refers to the intimate self-perception that some people might feel about their sexuality. This
topic is now being taught to Italian students attending public elementary and high schools. These
institutions aim to cultivate an inclusive environment where the rights of non-binary, transgender,
LGBTQIA+, gender fluid, and queer individuals must not only be respected but also given the utmost
consideration. Public schools are encouraged to adopt the so-called 'free gender registers,' which
allow students to select their own sexual identity. The primary objective of this qualitative research is
to investigate whether gender theory is based on scientific evidence or if it is purely ideological.
Additionally, the research aims to examine its impact on teachers, students, and their parents. The
research draws mainly from current Italian newspaper articles (2017-2023) to provide an accurate
portrayal of life in Italian schools and the implications for the Italian educational system.

Author Biographies

Suhardi Kram, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Samarahan Campus, Sarawak

Suhardi Bin Kram, born in Sarikei, Sarawak, Malaysia, on July 20, 1988, is one of the authors of the first Italian/Malay dictionary, and he speaks Italian fluently. He holds a Master of Sports Science from Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) Shah Alam. He works as a Sports Science lecturer at the University Teknologi Mara, Samarahan Sarawak campus, under the Faculty of Sports Science and Recreation. He is an expert in European and Italian politics and their culture, and he has already published research papers in the past.

Aziz Hashim, Education Department, Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Aziz Bin Hashim, born in Changloon, Malaysia, on January 29, 1975, graduated from the University of Malaya in 2004 with a degree in Sports Science and a master’s in Sports Science from Sultan Idris Education University in 2022. In 2015, he joined the Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur Education Department as a Senior Assistant Director at Kuala Lumpur Education Department. He has a deep knowledge of European politics, culture, and lifestyle and speaks Italian fluently.