Impacts of Organisational Culture and Religiosity on Employee Engagement:

The Moderating Role of OCB in Selected Mining Companies in Ghana

  • Prisca Oteng Acheampong Department of Marketing and Corporate Strategy, KNUST
  • Naail Mohammed Kamil Department of Marketing and Corporate Strategy, KNUST
  • Mohammed Borhandden Musah University of Bahrain
  • Mariama Zakari Department of Marketing and Corporate Strategy, KNUST
Keywords: Organisational culture, religiosity, employee engagement, organisational citizenship behaviour, mining companies


This study examines the impact of organisational culture and religiosity on employee engagement, and the moderating effects of employee organisational citizenship behaviour in mining companies. The study employs the descriptive cross-sectional survey design. The population was the employees who work within the nine selected companies in the mining industry of Ghana namely Adamus Resources Ltd, Asanko Gold Ghana Limited, Gold Fields Ghana Tarkwa Mine, Chirano Gold Mine, Golden Star Bogoso/Prestea Ltd, Golden Star Wassa Mine, Newmont Ghana Ahafo Mine, Newmont Ghana Akyem Mine, and Perseus Mining Ltd. The researchers adopted simple random sampling technique to select 245 respondents. Quantitative data were collected through questionnaire administration. The Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 24.0 was used to analyse the data. The results revealed that organisational culture and organisational citizenship behaviour (OCB) have a positive influence on employee engagement. OCB has a significant moderating effect on the relationship between Religiosity and Employee Engagement. Companies within the mining industry can implement the findings of this study to improve the level of employee engagement, a key factor that helps them realize their objectives. This study has proved further that the moderating effect of OCB on religiosity can enhance employee engagement.

Author Biographies

Prisca Oteng Acheampong, Department of Marketing and Corporate Strategy, KNUST

Prisca Oteng Acheampong, Prisca is a Human Resource Practitioner with over 15 years working experience in the banking, mining, and mining support services. She is currently the HR Operations Manager at Ghana Manganese Company. She also previously worked with AECI Ghana Ltd as HR Manager. Other organisations where she has worked include Newmont Ghana Ltd and Mantrac Ghana Ltd. is a product of the University of Ghana, graduating with a B.Sc Administration (Human Resource Option, 2005). She also holds a Master of Business Administration from the Central University, Ghana and in February 2021 graduated with a Master of Philosophy (Management and Human Resource Strategy) from the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST). She is currently pursuing a PhD in Business and Management at KNUST. Her research interest includes employee engagement, organisational culture, organizational citizenship behaviour, employee well-being, industrial relations and organizational development. She can be contacted at email:

Naail Mohammed Kamil, Department of Marketing and Corporate Strategy, KNUST

Naail Mohammed Kamil, Associate Prof. Naail is a well-motivated academic professional with the passion for seeking and sharing knowledge, through edge cutting research and teaching. He is a renowned scholar with his outstanding contributions in Islamic Management and Islamic Banking & Finance. He holds a PhD in Business Administration (Islamic Management & Finance) from the International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM) (2012), MBA (Islamic Banking & Finance) from IIUM (2009), and a BSc in Geological Engineering from the then KNUST – School of Mines, currently the George Grant University of Mines and Technology (2006). He has a firm background in Islamic Theology from Al-Azhariyya School in Kumasi, Ghana, and a certified Hafiz (memorizer) of Al-Qur’an with Distinction, certified by the Al-Muntada Al-Islami at London, UK. He teaches courses both at the undergraduate and postgraduate levels in areas including Organizational Behavior, Organizational Development, Comparative Business Ethics, Human Resource Management, General Management, Cross Cultural Management, Operations Management, Decision Science, Quantitative Decision Making, Research Methods, Advanced Quantitative and Qualitative Research, among others. He can be contacted at email:

Mariama Zakari, Department of Marketing and Corporate Strategy, KNUST

Mariama Zakari,  is a lecturer in the Department of Marketing and Corporate Strategy, KNUST. She holds MBA in Marketing, MPhil in Strategic Management and Consulting, and PhD in Business and Management: Strategic Management and Consulting Option. She teaches in the areas of Branding, Strategy and International Marketing among others. She has in the past worked on some research related to Organizational Culture, Entrepreneurial Orientation and Branding among others. She can be contacted at email: